Talisman, one category of seal rings, has a long historical tradition. They are the smallest works of art ever made by sculptures and have been survived intact since antiquity. Their role and importance is immense.
The word came through the Spanish, from the Arabic tilsaman, tilsam (in plural), talisman in English, where the tilsim, tilism and tilasm is variants, derived from the Greek Τ Ε Λ Ε Σ M A. Meaning, the result of an initiation ceremony in mysteries and in particular those attached with supernatural skills, such as against evil i.e. an Amulet, a charm. The Greek name clarifies its origin since the late Hellenistic Period and Gnostic ideas obviously complying with the widespread use of symbols and charms. The power of the spirit behind the symbol is apparent.
Talisman first appeared in ancient civilizations of East (Mesopotamia). Sumerians, Assyrians and Babylonians, people near the river Efrates, carved first on mineral crystals; Cylindrical seals has been found since the end of 4 millennium B.C., i.e. before the written language and had different shapes, polyhedral, cylindrical etc. Later spread in Syria, Cappadocia, Egypt and Greece. They recommended clear indication of social position. Only the powerful were in possession of such valuable pieces of art. They used to secure property or the origin of goods (in Babylon and in Egypt there were special priests; the sealers) and led to be patterns for currencies.
In Minoan Crete we have findings of Talisman since 2500 B.C. Later the Mycenaean's familiarized with the sealing system of Minoan Crete, which served the needs of their own Palace economy. The purely Mycenaean style begun to evolve around 1450 B.C. and from then on is spreading to the rest of Greece.
The Greek sculptures develop Talisman to cover the needs of their culture as exactly they did with the alphabet. They use Talisman not only for keeping records (as seals), nor as a simple indication of authority; they Mythologize them. The myth is derived from the soul and big Initiators concealed within this high intellectual knowledge. Their technical skills are fully integrated in the spirit of ripe Ancient Greek art. As in the language, they borrowed, adapted to their needs and later they offered/broadcasted them in the next growing culture (Arabic). Talismans had become bridges which unite cultures. The Greeks syn/thesized; for them they were not only practical objects (mind) but objects of conviction (soul).
The Greek Mythology eternally serves as a real mentor for humanity and releases him from phobias (fear) and from unworthy low idolization pressures, that brings, in any modern population, complete decomposition and racial dissolution. On the contrary in the Greek mentality they cultivated a liberalized, right and fair democracy, in which the spirits express with their absolute freedom, perfect and unrepeatable those virtues that every human being bares in him.
In order to rescue, perpetuate truths that keep in their very essence the reasons of the worlds and beings, they mythologize and hide it. The keys of these Truths, if they are used worthy, will open new horizons to the person unversed.
Myth and Symbol is the same thing that is presented to us with two aspects/faces of same substance, inner reality. In order to symbolize, you should join a lot of significances in one main central, to drain that into your subconscious, into the outdoor of your spiritual soul.
The Myth is a technical fabrication; in order to describe the content of a symbol. The Symbol keeps in full the all knowledge and wisdom (sofia) that we have assembled, it is always a uterus ideal. It is of astral or supernatural dimension, it expresses a truth that her roots are deep and reach till the spiritual areas. It is a piece of knowledge - experience, an inner PERENNIAL truth, a philosophical evolution of a big Law. (Notice Plato in each big subject and problem, he suddenly presents some myth and… he starts again the external development of subject.)
Myths, in their external plot, they teach the essential ethics and the configuration of ideals, so that achieving harmony and collaboration of Spirit and Matter (Mind). In their inner plot, they sustain the teachings of the represented symbol that is superior value ethics; in contrast with our exterior micro-human ones. They possess divine purity and irradiate eternally perfection and love. Crystals are minerals, of natural origin precious stones and can be described by 4 basic characteristics- beauty (Kalos), scarcity, physical hardness and chemical resistance. Beauty inherited from the nature and is based above all in optical characteristics, such as dispersion of light (play of colors), the color, the transparency and the high refractivity. Their scarcity even to the places where they are mined is an essential element for their quest.
Crystals hold homogeneous classification of atoms, (shaping units of concrete forms forming structural units) which are repeated in an identical way around 100 million times per centimeter. The glass e.g. does not have strict repetition in the structure of its atoms (has random mosaic repetition) approximately 10 million times per centimeter. There are basically 32 different possible structures, which are known as Crystal Forms identified by 7 Crystal Systems. Effects on physical properties are significant, as well as in enchantment and medicine.
Our physical bodies consist of elements from the earths' body. In our bones exists calcium, as in our teeth and our nails. In our blood exists iron and many other metals, phosphoric and crystal salts. The same elements take from the gut of the ground the plants and the animals.
Also, Crystal structures exist in our body. The adrenaline, produced by the organism for fighting stress, has a crystal structure. Our bones contain crystals of Apatite. On practical levels, our culture, as the former Lemoore and Atlantis, is based on crystals. From the PC and digital technology until the stylus of gramophone, clocks, photographic film, laser appliances, earth auger, Tunnel Boring Machines, chirurgical lancets, technology of space, credit cards etc.
Gold charged with supernatural properties, could not be absent of Talisman. With the incorruptibility of its substance and immortality of its luster, it had already astonished the humanity from the early stages of culture. Later, the myth will lend adorable gold another dimension, relating it with gods, demons, monsters and symbols.
'... that Gold is the son of Zeus' Sappho (part. 141-142)
Gold earrings, for example, were already worn, since the Neolithic years, probably as amulets. Lydia not only supplied, since the geometrical years, quantities of the metal, but transmitted to the Greeks, the idea of commercial trading in gold, that possibly in the first half of the 7 century B.C., led to the historic conception of currency. Golden jewels are classified by opinion of technique in two categories. The first includes the ones manufactured from lamina (because they passed the metal through apertures to give form) and the other the casted jewels. The decorative patterns in the laminas were engraved or bolection. With engraving mainly geometric forms or simple linear subjects were attributed. The bolection decoration required a more difficult process that is why various methods were developed, depending on the object.
• The wire - the Egyptians knew how to manufacture wire since the end of 4th millennium or beginning of 3rd millenium B.C. - It was particularly used in decoration.
• Syrmateri or filigree (from Italian filo=thread and grana=seed) they are techniques that use the wires. Freely fleuron, spiral scion and flowers etc.
• The technique Kokkidosis=grained gold, was acquaintance in the Mesopotamia, Syria and M. Asia from the 3rd millennium B.C. and present for first time in Minoan Crete round 2000 B.C.
• The wire of circular section, charnière, is a technique that in certain cases can be a narrow band of lamina.
• Two wires together turned, create the ropelike wire that is the oldest, traditional type of wire in decorative form.
• Placing side by side two ropelike wires twisted in opposite direction (to the other) results into a fine braid (stachioschimo=wheatear shape). It can be also used with single twisted wires.
• Kokkidoto It is a simple wire, that with the suitable tool, we create curve incisions and in its entirety gives the impression of line from spherules.
• Martelage-Forging It is the older complete technique that gives form but also decoration.
Earth passes an initiation while we all that live above her, we experience various levels of this initiation. It is an initiation to Love.
- Symbols and Myths, Crystals, Gold - as an event of love and light- they exist in order to fulfill a vital role. They exist near to us in order to make us more sensitive, in order to remind us our essential identity but also the source of this identity, Us.
The lnner-Talisman is You
When you wear the Inner-Talisman it gives you Calm, Quietness, Love and Tranquility.
It SYNERGIZES your Inner-body; it reminds you about your feelings, your Values, and your Ethics.
Re- remember to be Healthy and Loving, who you are, the real connection to your Soul.
You are the crystal of your life.
When you feel the feeling of the Inner-Talisman you are connected to the 4 Ds.
Dreams - Discover - Design - Destiny
Galerie Forêt Verte presents 'Gagan di Pica'